Category Archives: surface

Dromedary inspires for seawater-salt removal

DromedaryCamel.jpg.w180h221 The dromedary camel is at home in the hot Sahara Desert where temperatures can exceed 170°F (77°C). Special features of the camel’s nose allow it conserve precious moisture with each breath.





Technical application:

seawater-salt removal, desert greening

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Use algae to create meachanical nano gears

diatom1 diatom2Diatoms are microscopic, single-celled algae. They are typically a few microns in diameter, ten times smaller than the width of a human hair. There are many thousands of distinct diatom species known, in both plant and animal varieties. They exist in countless numbers in the sea and are the base of many food webs.


Technical application:

unexpected high



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sugar for Vaccines conservation

vaccinesNova’s stabilisation platforms are based on a sugar-glass stabilization concept. The inspiration for this technology arose from observations of anhydrobiotic organisms, such as the Resurrection Plant (Selaginella lepidophylla), which can protect themselves from extreme desiccation. Such organisms survive in drought conditions by producing high concentrations of particular sugars in their tissues. These sugars solidify as a glass during dehydration, preserving the cells and tissues in a state of suspended animation. When water is once again available the glass dissolves away, allowing normal biological functions to resume.

Technical application:

vaccines conservation

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Seashells are harder than ceramics and can be printed by your desktop 3D printer?

sea_shellFor example, an abalone shell is stronger than high-tech ceramics because of its internal structure. Diatom shells are made of silica (glass), but they are extremely strong because of their stress-distributing pattern of holes.cutter

Like nature, 3-D printers can excel at building complex structures from simple materials, said Benyus. Both use an additive process, meaning larger pieces are built up from smaller ones.


Technical application:

unexpected high! Continue reading Seashells are harder than ceramics and can be printed by your desktop 3D printer?

Desert beatle help us to harvest water

desertbeatleTo drink water, the S. gracilipes stands on a small ridge of sand using its long, spindly legs.


Technical application:

water bottles, tents for refugees, Steam Power Condensers, Refrigeration, Atmospheric Water Generation

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Gecko feet for car tires

geckoUsing design principles inspired by the nanoscopic hairs on the gecko, UC Berkeley researchers and colleagues have created a novel microfiber array which has very high friction but is not “sticky”.



Technical application:

car tires, drive on solar panels


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Hook fastener with up to 35 tonns / m²

klettblumeHook and loop fasteners have become commonplace features of both industry and households.



These fasteners are resistant to chemicals and can withstand a tensile load of up to 35 tonnes per square meter at temperatures as high as 800°C.

Technical application:

Metaklett is basically suitable for use in all areas that require easily opened but stable fasteners, for example air-conditioning and ventilation systems in building services engineering and automotive construction.

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